Course Descriptions Furman University

101 Introduction to Philosophy
GER: UQ (Ultimate Questions)
Introduction to some of the classic problems of philosophy, with emphasis on understanding the nature of philosophical reflection and reasoning. Includes epistemology, ethics, metaphysics and other major branches of philosophy. 4 credits.

105 Logic
Formal analysis of arguments with emphasis on symbolic logic. 4 credits.

201 Ancient Philosophy
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: PHL-101
The growth and development of philosophical thought from Thales to Aquinas. 4 credits.

202 Modern Philosophy
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: PHL-101
The growth and development of philosophical thought from Descartes through Kant. 4 credits.

203 Nineteenth Century Philosophy
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: PHL-101
Important figures and themes of nineteenth century philosophy. Readings chosen from Hegel, Schelling, Schopenhauer, Feuerbach, Marx, Kierkegaard, Darwin, and Nietzsche. 4 credits.

205 Twentieth Century Philosophy
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: PHL-101
Introduction to the important figures and themes of twentieth century philosophy. Attention given to material from both the analytic and phenomenological traditions. Postmodern responses to these traditions also examined. 4 credits.

220 Realizing Bodymind: Whole Person Development
GER: MB (Mind and Body) and WC (World Cultures)
Prerequisite: PHL-101
Survey of "Wholeness Concepts" which promote lifetime fitness and healthy lifestyle habits. Topics include the philosophical and corporeal cultural traditions of South Asia, East Asia, and Northeast Asia. Introduction to the martial art of Ki-Aikido as well as additional disciplines (including meditation) that promote the experience of mind and body unification. 4 credits.

225 Ki-Aikido: Five Disciplines
The five types of training that characterize the practice of Ki-Aikido. These include Aikido arts, Ki-Breathing, Ki-Meditation, Kiatsu, and Sokushin no Gyo. The course involves practice in these disciplines and critical examination of the way in which these disciplines are grounded in a philosophical worldview that emphasizes the interconnected nature of reality. May Experience ONLY. 2 credits.

240 Chinese Philosophy
GER: WC (World Cultures)
Prerequisite: PHL-101
Survey of the development of Classical Chinese Philosophy with emphasis upon Confucian, Daoist, and Neo-Confucian traditions. 4 credits.

241 Confucian Philosophy
GER: WC (World Cultures)
Prerequisite: PHL-101
A comprehensive survey of Confucian philosophy including Early Confucianism (Confucius and Mencius), the Daoxue or Neo-Confucianism of the Song (960-1276) and the Ming (1368-1644) Dynasties (Zhu Xi and Wang Yangming), and the 20th Century New Confucian Movement (Mou Zongsan and Tang Junyi). 4 credits.

250 Japanese Philosophy
GER: WC (World Cultures)
Prerequisite: PHL-101
The development of Japanese Philosophy from the classical period to modern times with a focus upon Buddhist philosophy and its intersection with the West. Analysis includes Early Buddhism, Kukai's Shingon Buddhism, and Dogen's Soto Zen Buddhism. The encounter of Japanese Philosophy with the West is studied through modern figures such as Nishida Kitaro, Watsuji Tetsuro, and Yuasa Yasuo. 4 credits.

260 Latin American Philosophy
GER: WC (World Cultures)
Prerequisite: PHL-101
Latin American philosophical reflection from four key eras of the region's history: Pre-Conquest; arguments for and against the Conquest; the 19th century struggle for independence; and exciting currents in 20th century thought (liberation and feminist philosophies). 4 credits.

270 Africana Philosophies
GER: WC (World Cultures)
Prerequisite: PHL-101
Philosophical themes in sub-Saharan Africa and the African Diaspora in the Caribbean and the United States. Topics include: what counts as Africana philosophy; race; colonialism; gender; and slavery. Ontological, ethical and socio-political questions considered. 4 credits.

301 Ethics
Prerequisite: PHL-101
The nature of morality, the grounds of moral obligation, and the principles of moral decision-making according to classical and contemporary moral philosophers. 4 credits.

302 Medical Ethics
GER: UQ (Ultimate Questions)
Prerequisite: PHL-101 and instructor permission
Intersection of major moral theories with health care delivery systems. Topics addressed include refusal of lifesaving treatment, autonomy and paternalism in health care, and allocation of scarce medical resources. Course requires participation in clinical rotations at several health care facilities. Course must be enrolled with IDS-301 and SOC-234. 4 credits.

303 Environmental Ethics
GER: NE (Humans and the Natural Environment)
Prerequisite: PHL-101
Examination and evaluation of various approaches to moral problem solving with reference to environmental and ecological issues. Topics include: Animal Liberation, the Land Ethic, Biocentrism or Reverence for Life, Ecofeminism, Deep Ecology, and Environmental Justice. 4 credits.

304 Ethics of Globalization
GER: NE (Humans and the Natural Environment)
Prerequisite: PHL-101
Consideration of how to make an ethical assessment of globalization's economic, environmental, political aspects. Topics include: the benefits/costs of globalization, who is benefiting and possible alternatives to globalization. 4 credits.

310 Social and Political Philosophy
Prerequisite: PHL-101
Central issues in social and political philosophy. Topics vary, but may include: the philosophical foundations of the state, the basis and limits of individual freedom, the place of religion in a democracy, the justification of punishment, the requirements of distributive justice, and the treatment of cultural, racial, and gender diversity. Readings typically include works by both classical and contemporary philosophers. 4 credits.

311 Philosophy of Law
Prerequisite: PHL-101
Investigation of philosophical questions relating to law. Topics include the question of what law is, the responsibility of the individual faced with unjust law, and the relation between philosophical understandings of the law and the resolution of legal issues. Readings include philosophical treatments of law and texts of legal opinions from courts. 4 credits.

312 Philosophy of Gender
Prerequisite: PHL-101
Examination of competing feminist theories. For example, liberal feminism, socialist or Marxist feminism, radical feminism and others. Analyzing the philosophical assumptions concerning women and women's situations that underlie each view, and examining the philosophical traditions from which each theory is developed. 4 credits.

321 Philosophy of Psychology
Prerequisite: PHL-101
An examination of mental health, mental illness, and moral psychology. Course will consider the various conceptions of the self, personhood, and human nature at the root of traditional theories of psychology. Topics discussed will include: personal identity, freedom, decision-making, and 154 PHILSOPHY autonomy. Course will consider ways in which persons are categorized as mentally healthy or ill and evaluate approaches to the treatment of mentally ill persons. 4 credits.

330 Aesthetics
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: PHL-101
A study of the nature of art and beauty, what counts as art, contemporary debates about fiction and emotion, sentimentalism, fakes and forgeries, popular music and culture, the nature of appreciation, photography and representation. 4 credits.

331 Philosophy of Food
GER: TA (Critical, Analytical Interpretation of Texts)
Prerequisite: PHL-101
Examination of the philosophical aspects of food from historical, ethical and aesthetic perspectives. The role of food in Plato's Republic and Aristotle's Ethics and throughout the history of philosophy. The construction of ethical systems in regard to growing food, consuming food, animal rights, and resource management. An examination of aesthetic pleasure and disgust, as well as a consideration of "taste". 4 credits.

340 Philosophy of Religion
Prerequisite: PHL-101
Investigation of the central philosophical issues relating to religious belief and practice. Topics include arguments for and against the existence of God, the problem of evil, the nature and significance of religious experience, and the relationship between the different world religions. 4 credits.

350 Epistemology
Prerequisite: PHL-101
Introduction of philosophical reflection about knowledge.
How should knowledge be defined, why knowledge is good to have, whether there are good responses to skepticism, how we should understand the relationship between knowledge and rational justification, what is the correct understanding of how beliefs come to be rationally justified, how we should understand such notions as "truth" and "objectivity," and whether knowledge is relative to particular conceptual schemes or cultures. 4 credits.

355 Fact, Fiction and Fraud
Examination of what our expectations are when we read. What do we think truth consists of when we read a memoir, or a novel, and how do we reconcile that with our notions of truth outside narrative descriptions. May Experience ONLY. 2 credits.

370 Philosophers, Movements and Problems
Prerequisite: PHL-101
Further investigation into a particular philosopher, movement or problem. 4 credits.

375 Metaphysics
Prerequisite: PHL-101
Investigation into the nature, constitution, and structure of reality. Categorization of all things and articulation of the special relations that obtain between those categories. Topics may include universals and particulars, personal identity, freedom and determinism, modality, causation, and time. Examination of central issues and problems of metaphysics through discussions and reading works by both classical and contemporary philosophers. 4 credits.

400 Senior Seminar in Philosophy
Prerequisite: PHL-101
Reading, research, and writing course for majors, normally in their senior year, covering a specific topic in philosophy.
4 credits.

501 Independent Study
Prerequisite: PHL-101 and instructor permission
Either a research project or a reading program. Students must have a 3.00 grade point average in a minimum of three philosophy courses and an overall grade point average of 2.70 to register. Variable credit.

506 Senior Honors Thesis I
Prerequisite: PHL-101 and instructor perission
An independent study course for eligible students who choose to write a senior thesis as a capstone experience. Solely devoted to researching and writing the student's thesis. Typically completed in the senior year in tandem with PHL-507. 4 credits.

507 Senior Honors Thesis II
Prerequisite" PHL-101 and instructor permission An independent study course for eligible students who choose to write a senior thesis as a capstone experience. Solely devoted to researching and writing the student's thesis. Typically completed in the senior year in tandem with PHL-506. 4 credits.

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