Biology Course Descriptions Furman University

075 Seminar in Biology

Prerequisite: permission of instructor Presentations of current topics in biology by students, faculty, and visiting scientists. Emphasis is on effective oral communication and critical examination of scientific information and ideas. 0 credits.

101 Principles of Biology

GER: NWL (Empirical Study of the Natural World with laboratory)
The basic principles common to living organisms, including: cell and molecular biology, genetics, organismal physiology, ecology, evolution. Designed for non-science majors. Students may receive credit for either BIO-101 or BIO- 102, not both, and neither may be enrolled after successful completion of BIO-111. 4 credits.

102 Biology and the Environment

GER: NWL (Empirical Study of the Natural World with laboratory) and NE (Humans and the Natural Environment)
The basic principles common to living organisms, with emphasis on environmental biology. Designed for non- science majors. Topics include: ecology, evolution, biodiversity, and environmental issues, plus a synopsis of cellular biology, genetics, and physiology. Students may receive credit for either BIO-101 or BIO-102, not both, and neither may be enrolled after successful completion of BIO- 111. 4 credits.

111 Foundations of Biology

GER: NWL (Empirical Study of the Natural World with laboratory)
Introduction to the unifying concepts of biology. Topics include: cell structure and function, metabolism, genetics, evolution, and the diversity of life. Laboratories emphasize an investigative approach. Designed for science majors.
4 credits.

140 The War on Cancer

An introduction of the basic biology of cancer and its various origins. An examination of how cancer can be prevented, diagnosed and treated. Intended to be accessible to all students regardless of science background. May Experience ONLY. 2 credits.

150 To Live and Let Dye

An introduction to natural plant dyes. History of plant dyes, their usage and importance in culture along with the biology of pigments, fibers, and mordents as they interact to give a brilliant pallet of color. Exploration of plant dyes through investigative skills and personal creativity. May Experience ONLY. 2 credits.

221 Genetics

Prerequisite: BIO-111 or 101
Introduction to the study of inheritance. Topics include: transmission of genes in cellular and organismal reproduction, structure and arrangement of genetic material in the cell, control and function of genes, and population genetics. Equal emphasis given to inheritance patterns and molecular genetics. Laboratories include testing the genetics of Drosophila and other organisms, and basic molecular techniques. 4 credits.

222 Research and Analysis

Prerequisite: any biology course enrolled at Furman
Introduction to purposes and methods of scientific inquiry. Topics include: philosophy of science, research design, use of biological literature sources, fundamental laboratory techniques, statistical analysis, and survey of careers in biology. Laboratory includes designing, performing, and reporting on research projects. 4 credits.

240 Regional Agricultural Science

GER: NWL (Empirical Study of the Natural World with laboratory) and NE (Humans and the Natural Environment)
Prerequisite: instructor permission
Travel study course examining the ways in which people in different parts of the world grow their food. The primary focus is the interactions among scientific principles, local environments, and local cultures in determining the methods employed. Foodstuffs studied will vary in each offering.
4 credits.

250 Darwin and the Galápagos

Prerequisite: instructor permission
An introduction to Darwin and evolution, including a trip to Ecuador and the Galapagos Archipelago. Pre-trip lectures on Darwin's seminal contributions to evolutionary biology will create the foundation for observations made on a cruise in the Galapagos. Also includes tours of colonial Quito and the Otavalo region exposing students to the cultural history, diversity, and vibrancy of Ecuador. May Experience ONLY. 2 credits.

251 Introduction to Ethnobotany

Prerequisite: instructor permission
Examination of how people use indigenous plants. Plant use as food, shelter, medicine, clothing, and in ceremony will be explored. An intensive lecture format on campus will be followed by a field experience in places such as the Amazon Rainforest, Ecuador, Peru, or Costa Rica. No knowledge of botany is presupposed. May Experience ONLY. 2 credits.

252 Oceans and Human Health

Prerequisite: instructor permission
Travel-study in Bermuda. Study of ocean processes affecting human health and the contribution of marine organisms to medicine and research. Lectures, labs and fieldwork emphasize risks and benefits of our interactions with the ocean, and related research technologies. May Experience ONLY. 2 credits.

255 Insect Diversity

Prerequisite: BIO-101, 102, or 111
Field-based survey of the major groups of insects. Lecture will focus on the evolutionary history, ecology, and taxonomy of insects. The primary component will be collection, identification, and preservation of insect specimens, contributing to the "all taxa biological surveys" on campus and at the Furman Forest. May Experience ONLY. 2 credits.

260 Introduction to Biomaterials

Prerequisite: BIO-111
An exploration of ideas in cardiovascular, orthopedic, and regenerative medicine and how today's technologies and medical innovations have changed these medicines. Course activities will involve trips to local research and medical facilities & hands-on manipulations of biomaterials and devices. May Experience ONLY. 2 credits.

265 How to Grow a Baby: Fetal and Maternal Growth

Prerequisite: BIO-111
Examining changes in fetal development and the maternal changes that occur at different stages in pregnancy. Additional topics will include IVF, abnormal development, and complications in pregnancy. May Experience ONLY. 2 credits.

300 Cell Biology

Prerequisite: BIO-222 and CHM-110. CHM-120 recommended.
Comprehensive study of plant, animal, and microbial cell biology dealing with the chemistry of cells, bioenergetics, cell ultrastructure and its relation to function, specialized cell types, and cell-to-cell communication. Laboratory emphasis on investigations using modern cytological techniques. 4 credits.

301 Microbiology

Prerequisite: BIO-221
Investigation of the biochemistry, physiology, immunology, pathogenicity, isolation and identification of microorganisms, particularly bacteria. Laboratory work includes standard procedures for studying the physiology of bacteria and the identification of unknown bacteria. 4 credits.

302 Molecular Genetics

Prerequisite: BIO-221 and 222
Study of molecular genetics within living cells and viruses. Topics include: DNA replication, gene regulation and expression, and artificial manipulation of genes. Laboratory includes various techniques used in molecular genetics, such as isolating and cloning genes. 4 credits.

303 Biochemistry of the Cell

Prerequisite: BIO-222 and CHM-120
Study of the structure and function of biomolecules in the context of the cell. Topics include: the major biosynthetic and catabolic pathways in the cell and their regulation, protein function, structure, modifications and degradation, enzyme kinetics and selected biochemical techniques. Laboratory work involves current biochemical methods such as protein purification from various types of cells and subsequent enzymatic characterization. 4 credits.

308 Molecular Biotechniques

Prerequisite: BIO-221
Brief history of modern molecular biology, the basic concepts of techniques commonly used in molecular biology, and the current ethical issues in the application of biotechniques. Hands-on experience and critical reading of research articles. May Experience ONLY. 2 credits.

320 Animal Physiology

Prerequisite: BIO-222 Comparative and environmental animal physiology. Organ systems studied in invertebrate and vertebrate organisms, with emphasis on physiological adaptation. Laboratory topics include metabolism, respiration, osmoregulation, stress physiology. 4 credits.

321 Plant Physiology

Prerequisite: BIO-222 Comprehensive exploration of plant physiology, with topics emphasizing photosynthesis and respiration, plant water relations, organic and mineral nutrition, secondary metabolites, xylem and phloem transport, growth/ development, and stress physiology. Laboratory exercises have extensive investigative components with open-ended activities. 4 credits.

322 Human Physiology

Prerequisite: BIO-111
Molecular and cellular biology in first several sessions, followed by survey of the functions of the various organ systems in the human body. Laboratory involves studies of humans, using computerized data acquisition systems. 4 credits.

340 Ecology

GER: NE (Humans and the Natural Environment)
Prerequisite: BIO-222
The interactions between organisms and their environments, and the consequences of these interactions for population dynamics, community structure, and the flow of energy and matter through ecosystems. Also, consideration of environmental issues and conservation. Laboratories include local field work, experiments, and possibly one or two overnight/weekend field trips. 4 credits.

341 Tropical Ecology

Prerequisite: BIO-101, 102 or 111 and permission of instructor The composition, structure, and function of tropical ecosystems, communities, and populations. Laboratories focus on ecological sampling methods. 2 credits.

342 Field Studies in Tropical Ecology

Prerequisite: BIO-341
Students visit a variety of habitats including tropical rain forests, tropical dry forests, and cloud forests in Costa Rica. Intensive study of natural history will be combined with original ecological investigations and preparation of research papers. May Experience ONLY. 2 credits.

343 Environmental Systems

GER: NE (Humans and the Natural Environment)
Prerequisite: BIO-111, CHM-110, EES-110, 111, 112 or 113. Same as EES-343.
Interdisciplinary examination of the physical, biological and chemical processes that control the flow of matter and energy in surface environments on planet Earth. Emphasis on the interactions between abiotic and biotic processes. Lab includes field studies and weekend field trips. 4 credits.

344 African Ecology

GER: NW (Empirical Study of the Natural World) and NE (Humans and the Natural Environment)
Prerequisite: any biology course and permission of instructor
Travel study course taught in South Africa that demonstrating ecological principles and examining conservation issues. Focus on the ecology of the region's unique flora and fauna as well as the conservation challenges of South Africa's cultural, political and economic situation. 4 credits.

350 Infectious Disease Ecology

Prerequisite: BIO-221
The impacts of ecosystem changes on emerging and reemerging infectious diseases in animals and plants (both domestic and wild) and how these diseases influence communities, ecosystems, and human welfare. Laboratories include field and lab work. May Experience ONLY. 2 credits.

360 Infectious Diseases in Movies: Fact or Fiction

Prerequisite: BIO-221
A study of the microbiology, immunology, and epidemiology behind infectious diseases and their portrayal in films, including comparisons of some old and new horror and science fiction movies to examine changes in scientific knowledge and discussions of fear, stigma, and morality in society. May Experience ONLY. 2 credits.

400 Field Botany

Prerequisite: BIO-101, 102 or 111
Natural relationships of vascular plants, practice in the use of identification keys, experience in recognizing species in the field, techniques used in collecting and preparing herbarium specimens, and exposure to pertinent literature. Laboratories include field trips. 4 credits.

401 Applied Plant Science

GER: NE (Humans and the Natural Environment)
Prerequisite: BIO-101, 102 or 111
Introduction to plant biology as it pertains to human society. Topics include: life cycles, structure/function relationships, and uses of plants in society. Emphasis on medicinally and economically important plants. Lab exercises reflect the importance of plants as sources of food, fiber, and medicine. 4 credits.

402 Ethnobiology

GER: NWL (Empirical Study of the Natural World with laboratory) and NE (Humans and the Natural Environment)
Prerequisite: BIO-101, 102 or 111
Travel study course focusing on the study of interrelations between humans, plants, animals, and their environment. A key component is understanding the past, present, and future importance of biodiversity and of change in these interrelations. 4 credits.

420 Comparative Anatomy & Embryology

Prerequisite: BIO-111
Lecture and laboratory comparative study of the embryology and adult anatomy of representative chordates. Laboratory dissections include the dogfish shark and the cat. 4 credits.

421 Invertebrate Zoology

Prerequisite: BIO-222 Survey of the major and minor phyla, with an emphasis on arthropods (arachnids, crustaceans and insects). Includes the taxonomy, ecology, behavior and physiology of representative organisms. Laboratories include field trips, specimen collection and preservation, and dissection. 4 credits.

422 Field Zoology

Prerequisite: BIO-222 Taxonomic techniques, natural history and phylogenetic relationships of vertebrates. Emphasis on mammals, reptiles and amphibians. Frequent laboratories and field trips (including at least one overnight) to observe, identify and collect animals. 4 credits.

423 Marine Biology

GER: NW (Empirical Study of the Natural World) and NE (Humans and the Natural Environment)
Prerequisite: any BIO course and permission of instructor
Travel study course focusing on biodiversity, ecology and physiology of marine organisms, especially as they relate
to organismal adaptations to the environment. Includes examination of the influences of humans on the marine environment. 4 credits.

424 Biology of the Andes & Galápagos

Prerequisite: instructor permission
Ecology of the Andes Mountains. Emphasis on the unique flora and fauna endemic to this region. Ecological and behavioral studies in the Galápagos Islands as viewed from an evolutionary prospective. Taught in South America. 4 credits.

425 Developmental Biology

Prerequisite: BIO-221 and 222
Embryonic changes studied at the genetic, biochemical, cellular, and spatial levels. Growth, metamorphosis, tumors, and aging are also studied. Emphasis is on mechanisms of developmental processes, rather than on anatomy. Laboratory involves modern techniques used in the study of development, handling, and manipulating living embryos of several species. 4 credits.

426 Human Anatomical Systems

Prerequisite: BIO-222. CHM-120 and PHY-111 recommended.
A thorough study of the human body and its complexity. Application of this knowledge will be used in embryological, histological, and cadaver-based studies. Special emphasis is placed on functional anatomy of the body, through an understanding of embryology and pathology. Critical thinking skills will be developed using scenarios that involve the integration of knowledge from the fields of biology, chemistry, and physics. A student cannot receive credit for this course and either HSC-210 or HSC- 211. 4 credits.

430 Conservation Biology

Prerequisite: BIO-222
An overview of all modes of living natural resource management from the strictly utilitarian use of fisheries and wildlife, through endangered species conservation, the preservation of biodiversity, and adaptive management at the ecosystem level. The course also includes a review of U.S. environmental treaties, law, policy, and the environmental movement since 1900. Two overnight field trips to view conservation biology in action. 4 credits.

432 Field Studies in Biology

GER: NWL (Empirical Study of the Natural World with laboratory) and NE (Humans and the Natural Environment)
Prerequisite: permission of instructor. BIO-340 or 341 recommended.
Travel study course focusing on floral and faunal compositions and analysis of species interactions in a variety of habitats and ecological communities not found in South Carolina. Usually involves camping, hiking and travel by water in areas such as New England, Rocky Mountains, desert Southwest, Everglades or foreign countries. Variable credit.

440 Population Genetics and Evolution

Prerequisite: BIO-221 and 222
Evolutionary mechanisms that change the genetic structure of populations. Patterns of evolutionary change documented by the fossil record, biogeography, comparative anatomy and genetic similarity. Labs include experiments in Drosophila evolution, computer simulations, and at least one field trip (fossils). 4 credits.

442 Human Genetics

Prerequisite: BIO-221
A study of the molecular, cellular, physiological and population bases of human genetic disorders. Additional topics include techniques, pedigrees, risk assessment and ethics. Laboratory exercises include techniques in cytogenetics and molecular genetics, case studies and discussions. 4 credits.

444 Pharmacology and Toxicology

Prerequisite: BIO-221 and CHM-120
The action of drugs and toxic compounds in the body. Broad physiological principles of absorption, distribution, metabolism, elimination and mechanisms of action will be emphasized. Laboratory sessions will include techniques for drug and toxicity testing. 4 credits.

445 Genomics and Bioinformatics

Prerequisite: BIO-221
Comparative genomics, information retrieval from biological databases, amino acid and DNA sequence analysis, similarity searching, phylogenetic reconstruction, models of evolution, genome remodeling, and molecular visualization. Lecture and laboratory incorporate computer- based exercises and student research projects. Separate laboratory component. 4 credits.

450 Microanatomy

Prerequisite: BIO-222
Extensive examination of the structural properties of animal tissues, with emphasis on human samples. Identifying cells and organs based on microscopic structural attributes. Laboratory includes histological preparation and the identification of unknown samples. 4 credits.

455 Neurochemistry

Prerequisite: CHM 120 and BIO-222 or CHM 240 or PSY 202
Nervous system function at the biochemical level. Introduction to biochemical principles, followed by the study of neuronal cytoskeleton, myelin, ion channels, neurotransmitters, and selected neurological disorders. Labs analyze myelin, receptors, and neurotransmitters. 4 credits.

460 Neurobiology

Prerequisite: BIO-222 or PSY-202
Structure, function and interactions of neurons and supportive cells of the nervous system. Analysis of simple neuronal circuits and neuronal alterations in development, memory and neurological disorders. Laboratories include the study of nervous system cells in culture and groups of neurons in the rat. 4 credits.

461 Teaching Methods and Materials in Biology

Prerequisite: EDU-464
Practicum for developing teaching skills in biology, including the laboratory and field work. Topics include planning and preparation, safety and storage, and instruction. Practicum will provide experiences teaching in the university classroom. Variable credit.

470 Immunology

Prerequisite: BIO-222
Study of the immune system dealing with both adaptive and innate immunity. Topics include cellular aspects of immunology, antibody-antigen interactions, the genetic basis of antigenic recognition, regulation of the immune response, tumor immunology and autoimmunity. Laboratory emphasis on various modern techniques used in immunology. 4 credits.

475 Nutrition

Prerequisite: BIO-221 and 222
Composition, chemistry, digestion, absorption, and metabolism of foods. Other topics include energy balance, food additives, food sensitivities, and the role of diet in development and disease. The animal nutrition topics meet the needs of pre-veterinary students. 4 credits.

501 Independent Study

Prerequisite: permission of instructor. BIO-222 recommended.
Variable credit.

502 Research

Prerequisite: BIO-222 and permission of instructor
A project involving original and relatively independent research. Working with a faculty sponsor, the student poses a question of biological significance, writes an agreement specifying work expectations, devises the experimental protocol, and collects data to evaluate the question. Laboratory or field projects may be performed either on campus or at other locations. A research paper and oral presentation of the topic are required upon completion of the project, with the oral presentation usually done in the context of BIO-075. Variable credit.

503 Individualized Internship

Prerequisite: permission of instructor. BIO-222 recommended.
Provides direct training and work experience in one or more aspects of the biological sciences at an off campus facility. Working with a faculty sponsor and an on-site supervisor, students develop objectives for the internship/preceptorship experience, write an agreement specifying what is expected, and keep a detailed log of their activities.  0 credit.

505 Health Careers Internship

Prerequisite: permission of instructor First-hand experience in health care. Prior to placement, each student will produce a curriculum vitae and will undergo training regarding HIPAA (the Heath Insurance Portability and Accountability Act), including completion of the certification exam. After general initial observations the internship will be tailored to meet the student's specific career goals. May not contribute to the biology major. 0 credit.

509 Experience in Research

Engagement in laboratory or field research in Biology, supervised by a faculty sponsor. Evaluation will be based on meeting specific work expectations agreed to by the student and sponsor. An ideal way for new students to experience research or for experienced students to continue their independent research. Pass/No pass only. Variable credit.

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